Equations for surface area and volume of geometrical shapes

surface area

Area of rectangle = l x b -length x birth

Area of the circle = πr²

Surface area of cuboid = 2( lb+bh+hl) where l= length, b= breth h = height

Surface area of cube = 6a² where a= edge of the cube

Lateral Surface area of cube = 4a² where a= edge of the cube

Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2πrh where r= radius of the cynder, h= height of the cylinder. 

Total surface area of the cylinder =  2πr(r+h) where r= radius of the cynder, h= height of the cylinder.

Curved surface area of cone = πrl, where r= radius of the cone, l is slant height of cone.

Total surface area of a cone = πr(l+r), where r radius, l= slant height

if we know height and radius of the cone we can find the slant height (l) of the cone by  l= √(r²+h²)

Surface area of a sphere = 4πr², where r is the radius of the sphere.

Curved surface area of a hemisphere (half sphere) = 2πr² 

Total surface area of a  hemisphere (half sphere) = 3πr² 


volume of cuboid = l x b x h where l= length, b= breth, h= height

Volume of the cube = a³ where a is the edge of the cube

Volume of the cylinder = πr²h where  r= radius, h = height

Volume of the cone = 1/3(πr²h) where r= radius of the cone , h= height of the cone

Volume of the sphere = 4/3(πr³) where r = radius of the sphere


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